How do you socialize your puppy?

Socializing your puppy is fundamental so that when he reaches adulthood he can perfectly tolerate the presence of his congeners and other animals, but also that of humans and get used to any type of environment. In other words, the dog must be able to behave properly in society. But socialization is also essential in many other respects. It requires know-how, vigilance and benevolence to achieve the desired results. The slightest mistake in dog training can have serious consequences. Zoom on the puppy's socialization without false notes.

How do you socialize your puppy?

Socializing your puppy: what's the point?
Socializing a puppy helps the animal to grow up well, to become a well-balanced and sociable dog. If it is not taken in hand from an early age, the animal can become :

  • Anxious,
  • Cowardly,
  • Out of control,
  • Aggressive.

The socialization period is therefore an apprenticeship that should begin as early as possible, ideally when the puppy is 1 to 3 months old. Knowing that one is allowed to sell a puppy only from the age of 2 months, the future owner must make sure that the socialization of the animal has already begun. This is why it is highly recommended to contact a serious kennel that has begun socializing, rather than answering any classified ad posted on the Internet or hastily pinned at the local baker.

If you adopt a puppy at the age of 2 months, there are at most 4 weeks left to socialize him at best. It's short and intense! It requires great vigilance on the part of the owner because the puppy needs to rest and recover from all these emotions. He can't resist a succession of new situations that follow one another throughout the day. Ultra-stimulation is useless, and is even detrimental to the animal.

To obtain excellent results, it is therefore necessary to use moderation and common sense. Always make sure the puppy is happy, and so will the adult dog he will become.

Lack of socialization: what are the consequences for the adult dog?
If the puppy is not socialized, or if it is socialized in spite of common sense, there is a great deal to fear for the adult dog it will become, and consequently for those around it. The main consequences of incomplete or non-existent socialization are behavioral abnormalities such as :

  • Phobias,
  • The filth,
  • Depression,
  • Hyperactivity,
  • Hypersensitivity,
  • Rituals or obsessive-compulsive disorder,
  • Aggression,
  • Destruction...

Everything must be put in place so that from the age of 1 month the puppy begins to be socialized.

Socializing your puppy: introducing him to all types of situations
At this time of life, it is useful to introduce your puppy to different situations and environments, so that he gets used to them and later on, everything he has discovered in the first months of his life will become part of his daily life. However, any new experience should be of short duration. The discovery is only beneficial to the extent that it does not come as a shock to the very young dog.

It is the multiplicity of new situations that helps the puppy to become sociable and to have the most stable character possible. He must be able to feel all kinds of emotions at an early age - measured - in order to manage them well as an adult. Therefore, an experience should not be a confrontation. To do this, his master or his educator must submit the puppy:

  • To his congeners of all ages, but also to other animals (horses, sheep, ducks, cats, hedgehogs, etc.),
  • To humans, whether babies, young children, adults or the elderly, able-bodied or wheelchair-bound,
  • At different noises: engine (car, motorcycle, lawnmower, etc.), hair dryer, vacuum cleaner, electric robot, firecracker, music, hubbub, waterfall, children screaming,
  • In any type of environment (city, countryside, seaside when possible, public garden, but also lift, public transport, escalator, shop...).

These are just a few examples of situations that will allow the puppy to enrich his experiences by feeding his insatiable curiosity. This discovery must be as rich as possible so that each situation becomes commonplace and does not generate fear, stress or incomprehension in him.

Socializing a puppy: the right attitude of the owner
It is very important that this learning does not generate any trauma. For this, the teacher must always be positive and reassuring. Let's not forget that the master's fear reinforces that of his animal. It is necessary to be protective but without falling into excess so that the puppy does not become fearful. For example, you should avoid carrying your puppy all the time. This is why the master must avoid confronting his puppy with a situation that he does not dominate himself. For example, it is counterproductive to confront your puppy with a nasty dog if, as a human being, this situation makes you shudder, but on the contrary, choose a calm and perfectly socialized dog so that the experience is positive.

Throughout the entire period of a puppy's socialization, the owner's attitude is really essential. He must never force his puppy. He can therefore make him discover new situations every day as long as they are always good experiences. To avoid making mistakes that could have a negative impact on the adult dog, you should not hesitate to get help from a dog trainer.

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