Puppy training: 5 basic rules to teach your small dog

In order to avoid having to deal with overflow and disobedience problems later on, dogs need to be trained from a young age. And while some masters choose to entrust this responsibility to a canine educator, others take care of it themselves. Follow the guide.

Puppy training: 5 basic rules to teach your small dog

Teaching the puppy to answer his name
After hesitating between three breeds of dogs, you finally fell in love with a labrador. You've even already decided to name him Rocky. But he still has to react when you call him and he runs towards you. Plus, the success of a puppy's education depends entirely on learning his name. Here's a little trick! Make life easier for yourself by giving him a nickname made up of no more than two syllables.

The learning will of course take place in a calm and quiet place. You'll have to be very patient, as you may have to call him by his name several times before the puppy turns to you. And when that happens, don't hesitate to reward the animal. Show him how happy you are with his responsiveness. Use "It's Rocky", "Yes Rocky". Whenever you interact with it, always say its name.

Teaching your small dog to be clean
It is usually the learning of cleanliness that owners fear the most, because once bad habits set in, it will be very difficult to put the dog back on the right track. Hence the need to start as early as possible, more precisely between four and six months. Otherwise, the doggie may pee and poop regularly in your house or apartment. The secret to success will depend on your sense of anticipation of its needs.

And already as a rough guide, whether it's for the big or the small commission, a dog needs to go to the little corner on average every two hours. You should be able to identify this moment very easily since, by observing the animal, you will notice that he smells and sniffs every nook and cranny of the house. Without further ado, take him to a dog park where he can finally relieve himself. And don't forget to congratulate him. Impose a ritual by scheduling his "needs" outings at set times. The three key moments are often in the morning, after lunch and in the evening before bedtime.

Teaching your puppy to wear a collar and walk on a leash
However, no walk or outing outside will be possible without the indispensable leash. And here, the aim is also to familiarise him with this accessory. That's why before putting the leash on him for a walk outside, first start getting him used to wearing his collar. Whether it's a choke, classic or harness, whatever model you choose, your puppy will probably try to remove his collar for the first few days. Tighten the collar sufficiently so that the doggie can't get his paws through it, as he could be injured.

Once the dog has adapted to it, you can follow up by learning to walk on a leash. And to ensure that he remembers the classic commands of gentle traction or the words "walk", first practise indoors, or in your garden. Traffic noise can distract him, but it can also frighten him, especially if he's not used to it. The leash should never be taut, but preferably slightly floating.

Teaching your puppy to respect his space
Even if you want your new pet to share every important moment of your daily life, a puppy must have its own intimate space for its balance and well-being. It's usually a quiet place in the house where his basket and bowl will be placed. It is indeed important to limit the territories of each one, so that the dog does not invade the places where his owners live.

On the other hand, it is also a very effective way to keep him away from your guests if you receive your friends and relatives for example. The use of a lanyard will be necessary throughout this training since it is through this cord that you will show him the limits of his space, as well as the limits of yours. Multiply the back and forth between the two zones and repeat the exercise until he understands.

Teaching your puppy socialization
When a dog has not been socialized from an early age, community life can be very difficult. Not to mention the consequences on his character. Is your puppy shy? Does he attack strangers and other dogs? Does he get nervous when you take him to a place he doesn't know? Is your puppy too possessive with his belongings? Does he easily let himself be approached by the groomer or the veterinarian?

If you are faced with these signs, you must react as quickly as possible and take care of his socialization. From his first month, think about getting him gradually used to different smells, noises, places, other dogs, without forgetting pets, especially cats. Take him regularly to very crowded places where there are many people.

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