Why does my puppy chew everything he finds?

While there's nothing worrying about seeing your puppy chew everything around him as he begins to discover his surroundings, it can quickly become unbearable because as he grows older, if the chewing doesn't stop, it can cause damage throughout the house. But puppies can also systematically chew on humans, which is something that should not be overlooked. Let's see when a puppy's chewing becomes abnormal.

When puppy biting is normal...
In the puppy, from 2 months ½ or 3 months and up to the age of 5 months at most, chewing can be considered completely normal. It takes place :

  • At the time of teething in many puppies because they need to chew. To prevent the young animal from chewing everything it finds in the house, its owner should instead invest in a few puppy toys.
  • When the young animal plays or is overexcited.
  • Don't let it chew too hard,
  • Let him stop chewing as soon as his master orders him to,
  • Don't let him decide to nibble himself.
  • In the latter case, chewing is a way for the puppy to communicate and attract attention. However, from the outset, puppies must be taught certain educational basics so that they do not become biting dogs later on. One can with patience get from the young dog :

In the majority of cases, it is the bitch who teaches her puppies to control the bite. But in puppies separated too early from their mother, this education could not be carried through to the end.

How to teach your puppy not to bite someone
The dog's intelligence is such that it allows the animal to know when it hurts with its teeth. If he bites too hard, it is therefore necessary to tell him by always using the same word (Ouch, Ouch, etc.) and the same intonation, by systematically accompanying the words with an immediate stop of the interaction. It shouldn't take him very long to associate his painful nibbling with his master's stopping the game.

He should of course be congratulated and/or rewarded when he stops biting. To do so, you must resume play because that's what the puppy is waiting for. Little by little, he will know how to regulate the intensity of the bite and will understand perfectly that his master deprives him of playing (punishment) when he bites too hard and that it is not because he plays that he is being punished. The interest of these educational sessions through play is to get the puppy to control the pressure of his jaw and then no longer use this means to play.

It is necessary to do it in exactly the same way so that the puppy definitely stops chewing everything he finds.

When bites become bites...
It is very important to differentiate bites from bites. It is fundamental to educate the puppy as soon as possible because if his master is not careful, the animal will very quickly understand that by hurting (biting, therefore) he can himself put an end to an interaction. If he is aware that by the impact of his teeth on his master's hand for example (or another person's) he can control an action, this can become problematic, even very serious because he will end up biting harder and harder, and more and more often. In this case, it will be impossible to trust him.

Biting in puppies can lead to the suspicion of a hyperactivity or behavioural problem when it becomes more and more serious and persists. Such behaviour may, for example, reflect a fear of being abandoned. The puppy will chew anything that has the scent of its owner because it reassures him. But this attitude occurs especially in the absence of the master and ceases as soon as he returns.

When the habit of chewing doesn't go away despite the master's efforts to educate his little companion, solutions must be found. Indeed, if it is the expression of latent aggressiveness, there is a risk that once adult, the dog will bite. This can therefore be very dangerous.

Whatever the reason, when the dog chews on anything it finds as it begins to enter this phase, it is often accompanied by other behaviours. He may urinate everywhere and even defecate in the apartment or house, bark incessantly, be bulimic, run away... This is the responsibility of a behaviourist veterinarian, and should not be delayed.

If no other abnormal behaviour is observed, a dog trainer can be called in to stop the biting. This professional is fully aware of the different ways dogs speak and knows how to react in order to intervene in the event of a behavioural problem.

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